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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 573-580

Effect of Postsurgical Nurse-led Follow-ups on Quality of Life in Head-and-Neck Cancer Patients: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

1 Department of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Surgical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
M.Sc Garima Khantwal
Nursing. Department of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/apjon.apjon-2112

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Objective: Burden of head-and-neck cancer is disproportionately bigger in India and can be regarded as “tip of iceberg” situation. Postoperatively, head-and-neck cancer patients report tremendous challenges conversely, affects quality of their life. Oncology nurses contribute significantly in supportive care issues encountered by patients in the postoperative period. However, there is a paucity of the literature on effect of nurse-led postsurgical education program on quality of life (QOL) of head-and-neck cancer patients. Methods: In this pilot randomized controlled, parallel group trial, 64 head-and-neck cancer patients; who were electively planned for surgery were randomized in experimental (n1 = 32) and control group (n2 = 32). In the experimental group, participants received structured nurse-led postsurgical education program through virtual mode and control group participants received standard of care. The QOL as an outcome variable was assessed through face-to-face interview at baseline on first postoperative day and postoperative day-4, 15, and 30 follow-ups by using standardized instruments, i.e., EORTC QLQ-C30 and H and N35 questionnaire. Results: The experimental group had a significant improvement in global health (P = 0.02), role functioning (P = 0.02), emotional functioning (P = 0.01), swallowing (P = 0.01), and opening mouth (P = 0.02). Postoperative pain and speech problems were most distressing symptoms in participants of both groups. Conclusions: The nurse-led postsurgical virtual education programme was found effective to improve the selected domains of QOL and may be used as an adjuvant intervention for head-and-neck cancer patients.

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