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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 255-266

Cold Application and Exercise on Development of Peripheral Neuropathy during Taxane Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial


1 Department of Nursing Administration, Gülhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
PhD Neriman Yükseltürk Simsek
Department of Nursing Administration, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/apjon.apjon-2075

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Objective: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common side effect of cancer treatment. There is no proven pharmacological application to prevent CIPN. This study was conducted to compare the effects of cold application and exercise on peripheral neuropathy development in patients with breast cancer who received taxane. Methods: This was a multicenter clinical trial. The study was conducted as a randomized controlled trial on breast cancer patients who had chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy complaints between July 2017 and January 2018 in an outpatient chemotherapy unit of training-research and a university hospital. A standardized, home-based, 12-week exercise program involved progressive strengthening, stretching, and balance exercises. Cold packs were applied for the duration of all 12 taxane infusions and then continued at home. The standard care protocol (information about side effects) of the clinic was used for patients in the control group. Data were collected via Patient Identification Form and CIPN Assessment Tool. Demographic data were evaluated by number and percentage ratios, and the study groups' mean scores were compared by Kruskal–Wallis and Wilcoxon analyses. The data were collected at two time points including baseline (T1) and week 12 (T2). Results: The study was completed with a total of 90 patients, so that each of the study groups, exercise, cold application, and control groups, included 30 patients. The mean of pre- and posttest results in the cold applied group revealed an increase in hand numbness, weakness, and distress (P < 0.05). However, no significant difference existed between the means of the pre- and the posttests in the exercise group (P = 0.79–0.1). The mean scores of all the symptoms in the control group except the loss of balance increased significantly (P < 0.05). Exercise reduced CIPN symptoms of numbness in hands (P = 0.009) and in the feet (P = 0.005) significantly compared to the cold application and control. Conclusions: It was found that exercise was more effective than cold application in the management of CIPN.


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