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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 211-217

Which Domains of Social Support Better Predict Quality of Life of Women with Breast Cancer? A Cross-Sectional Study


1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom; Health Psychology and Behavior Medicine Research Group, Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
3 Department of Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4 Health Psychology and Behavior Medicine Research Group, Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Health Psychology and Behavior Medicine Research Group, Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences; Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
MSc Mohammadali Amini-Tehrani
Health Psychology and Behavior Medicine Research Group, Students' Scientific Research Center (SSRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/apjon.apjon_47_20

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Objectives: The study aimed at investigating the specific role of social support types (SSTs) on quality of life (QoL) and its domains of women with breast cancer in Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a number of 223 women with breast cancer visiting three cancer centers of Tehran, Iran, participated from October 2014 to May 2015. Medical Outcome Study-Social Support Scale and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast Cancer were used for data gathering. Backward multiple regression was utilized, adjusted by age, education, and family size. Results: The study indicated positive correlations between all SSTs and QoL domains, whereas only positive social interaction (PSI) showed a significant association with physical well-being. PSI showed the only predictive performance in terms of all QoL outcomes, beyond the covariates. Conclusions: The study revealed the PSI as the most influential support type to enhance all domains of QoL of women with breast cancer.


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