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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 139-146

An Exploration of the Challenges for Oncology Nurses in Providing Hospice Care in Mainland China: A Qualitative Study

1 Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin's Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, China
2 School of Nursing, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
3 Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Correspondence Address:
PhD Qiaohong Guo
School of Nursing, Capital Medical University, Beijing
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/apjon.apjon_62_20

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Objective: Although there has been an increasing emphasis on assisting nurses with providing quality hospice care to patients and family members, few studies have explored the challenges that oncology nurses face when delivering hospice care in the Chinese cultural context. The objective of this study was to elucidate the challenges for oncology nurses in providing hospice care for terminally ill cancer patients in mainland China. Methods: A descriptive qualitative study with purposive sampling using audio-recorded fact-to-face interviews. A total of 13 hospice nurses from four hospitals in Beijing, mainland China, participated in this study. Data collection was from April to June 2019, and thematic analysis method was used to analyze the data. Results: Challenges identified by hospice nurses in providing hospice care for terminally ill cancer patients included: (1) public misperception on hospice care, (2) lack of financial support, (3) fear of medical disputes and legal action, (4) shortage of human resources, (5) insufficient specialization and lack of “hierarchy” training on hospice care, (6) inexperience in communication skills, and (7) lack of self-care and stress management skills. Conclusions: It is imperative and critical for the government, health-care institutions, and hospice care providers to clearly understand the challenges that currently exist in providing hospice nursing. Joint efforts are needed to overcome those challenges, which might result in qualified hospice nurses and provide evidence for further development of hospice care in mainland China.

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