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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 365-369

Relationship between Health Literacy and Medication Adherence of Turkish Cancer Patients Receiving Oral Chemotherapy

1 Eldivan Vocational School of Health Services, Çankırı Karatekin University, Çankırı, Turkey
2 Department of Medical Oncology, T. C. Ministry of Health Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
PhD Huri Seval Gonderen Cakmak
Eldivan Vocational School of Health Services, Cank.r. Karatekin University, Cank.r.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/apjon.apjon_30_20

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Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between health literacy and self-report medication adherence of Turkish cancer patients receiving oral chemotherapy. Methods: The present research was a descriptive and cross-sectional study and conducted with 100 voluntary cancer patients who were admitted to the medical oncology outpatient clinic and received oral chemotherapy. The data were collected through a questionnaire form consisting of the Oral Chemotherapy Adherence Scale and the Turkish Health Literacy Scale (TSOY-32). The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient.Results: The results revealed that 57% of the patients were female, 35% were primary school graduates, 51% were breast cancer, and 36% took capecitabine. The mean index scores of the participants on both scales were calculated as 12.39 ± 1.51 and 73.25 ± 6.18, respectively. Overall, a positive and strong correlation was found between oral chemotherapy adherence and health literacy of the participants (r = 0.707, P = 0.000). Conclusions: Medication adherence and health literacy levels among the cancer patients in Turkey are alarming so that patient-centered interventions and training are required to overcome the barriers to medication adherence.

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