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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 183-191

Relationships between death anxiety and quality of life in Iranian patients with cancer

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2 College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, Iran
3 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
5 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Rebecca H Lehto
Associate Professor, Michigan State, University College of Nursing; 1355 Bogue; C-344, East Lansing, MI 48824
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-5625.182935

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Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine relationships between death anxiety and quality of life (QOL) parameters of patients with cancer in the Iranian sociocultural context. Methods: A descriptive, correlational methodology was used. The sample included 330 patients. Demographics, health information, religious behaviors, death anxiety, and QOL data were collected. Results: Overall death anxiety levels were moderate with satisfactory overall QOL. Death anxiety was predictive of lowered QOL. Female patients had lower QOL and higher death anxiety compared to men Conclusions: Findings support that higher death anxiety negatively impacts QOL in an Iranian sample with cancer. Alleviation of existential concerns in vulnerable patients may palliate mental health distress associated with facing cancer and its challenging treatments.

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