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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 136-143

Oncology nurses' recognition of long-term cancer survivorship care in Japan

1 Department of Clinical Nursing, Fukushima Medical University School of Nursing, Fukushima, Japan
2 Faculty of Nursing, Yamagata Saisei Hospital, Yamagata, Japan
3 School of Nursing, Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University, Gifu, Japan
4 Graduate School of Health Science, Akita University, Akita, Japan
5 Faculty of Medicine, School of Nursing, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
6 Education Center, St. Luke's International University, Tokyo, Japan
7 Japanese Society of Cancer Nursing, School of Nursing, Kobe City College of Nursing, Kobe, Japan
8 Faculty of Nursing, Suzuka University of Medical Science, Suzuka, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Kazuko Onishi
Faculty of Nursing, Suzuka University of Medical Science, Suzuka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-5625.163412

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Objective: This study aims to assess the knowledge of definition of cancer survivors among Japanese oncology nurses and their roles in long-term cancer survivorship care. Methods: A structured self-administered and self-report questionnaire created by the study investigators was given to members of the Japanese Society of Cancer Nursing. The subjects were 81 female oncology nurses. Results: Forty-nine nurses had 11 or more years of nursing experience, while 27 nurses had cancer-related nursing certifications such as, certification in oncology nursing specialist. This study population had rather rich experience in oncology nursing. Sixty-two nurses defined a cancer survivor from the time of diagnosis, while the nurses' recognition of long-term survivorship care was poor, compared with nursing care at the time of diagnosis, during treatment, and end of life. Conclusions: The nurses were aware of the needs to recognize and address issues faced by long-term cancer survivors and for nursing study, but very few put the effective patient education and interventions into practice. It is because oncology nurses have few chances to see cancer survivors who go out of the hands of healthcare professionals. In increasing the number of long-term survivors, long-term survivorship care is needed in addition to incorporating such education into undergraduate and graduate programs. Further study on the knowledge of long-term cancer survivorship care and nursing practices are required.

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